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Hastings and Prince Edward Public Health
mother and daughter preparing meal in kitchen

Food Safety at Home

Every year, approximately 100,000 cases of foodborne illness occur in Ontario. Protect yourself, and those who eat the food you prepare, by learning the basics of food safety. 


“Hand washing, when done correctly is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of communicable diseases” (Ministry of Health and Long Term Care, 2018).

Ensuring your hands are washed thoroughly before and after preparing food, is one of the most important actions you can take to minimize food contamination and prevent foodborne illness. Always wash your hands before you start handling food or cleaning dishes/utensils.

Cooking Temperatures

Ensuring food is cooked to a safe internal temperature is an important part of food safety. The chart below shows the appropriate temperatures for various food products. The Ministry of Health provides additional information to help ensure the food you prepare is safe.

 Product Minimal Internal Cooked Temperature  
(Celsius / Fahrenheit)
All ground meat (other than poultry)71 °C / 160 °F
Ground poultry74 °C / 165 °F
Poultry pieces 74 °C / 160 °F
Whole poultry (with or without stuffing)82 °C / 180 °F
Pork or pork products 71 °C / 160 °F
Fish 70 °C / 158 °F
Food mixtures containing egg, meat, poultry, fish, or other hazardous food 74 °C / 165 °F

Use a thermometer to check internal food temperatures.

Danger Zone

Never let food sit in the temperature danger zone (4 °C to 6 °C ), or the food may become unsafe to eat, even if it has already been cooked! Keep hot foods hot and cold foods cold. Thaw food in the fridge, not on the counter. Cool food quickly by dividing leftovers into smaller portions and refrigerate them as soon as possible. Reheat food quickly on the stovetop or in the microwave. If leftovers were forgotten or stayed out too long, cooking them again will not necessarily make them safe to eat.


Food must be reheated to the original cooking temperature within two (2) hours, except for whole poultry which can be reheated to 74°C (165°F) within two (2) hours.

How Long to Keep Food?

If you’re wondering how long food stored in the fridge is safe to eat, our Food Storage Guide offers recommendations to help your family avoid getting ill from eating spoiled food.

Feeling Sick?

If you or a family member become ill after eating foods that might have been contaminated, it is important to get help. If you have signs or symptoms of a foodborne illness, you should contact your doctor or primary care provider.

If you suspect that you may have become ill after eating at a restaurant or other food premises, you can report this concern. Call us at 613-966-5500 or 1-800-267-2803, ext. 349. 

Safe use of Infant Formula

Young children, especially infants, are more vulnerable to foodborne illness. Breastfeeding is recommended, as breast milk is the best source of nutrients for your baby and can help boost your baby’s immune system. If you have made an informed decision to use breast milk substitute, proper sterilization of equipment, preparation, and storage are important to prevent illness in your infant. Health Canada provides helpful information about storing and safe handling of alternative milks.

Reference: Ministry of Health and Long-term Care. Get the safe food facts. 2008 [cited 2016 Mar 15].

Other Resources:

Need More Information About Food Safety at Home?

Call 613-966-5500 or 1-800-267-2803:

  • For any further food safety questions, ext. 677.
  • For additional information about feeding your baby, ext. 223.
  • To report an illness after eating at a restaurant or other food premises, ext. 349.

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We are gradually resuming in-person services at HPEPH by appointment only at this time.  Please review our Service Interruptions page for more information.

All program lines and the COVID-19 information line operate Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm (excluding statutory holidays).

To assist us with our efforts to stop the spread of COVID-19, we ask anyone visiting the office for an appointment to:

  • bring a non-medical mask, physical distancing may not be possible during your appointment
  • maintain physical distance of at least 2 metres, both inside and outside the office
  • review symptoms of COVID-19, and reschedule your appointment if you have symptoms of the virus, or any other illness
  • reschedule your appointment if a family member or other close contact is ill
  • use accessible buttons to open doors, instead of handles
  • use hand sanitizer when entering and exiting the building

We have made additional changes to prevent the spread of COVID-19. If you are visiting our office for an appointment, you can be confident that we are:

  • increasing our cleaning, in alignment with heightened infection control protocols
  • considering alternatives to in-person appointments and meetings when possible
  • screening staff and visitors for symptoms of COVID-19
  • offering in-person services by appointment only to reduce traffic in office
  • ensuring staff wear masks and/or other protective equipment when seeing clients

Please continue to our website for more information about our programs and services.