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Hastings and Prince Edward Public Health
mother and daughter preparing meal in kitchen

Food Safety at Home

Every year, approximately 100,000 cases of foodborne illness occur in Ontario. Protect yourself, and those who eat the food you prepare, by learning the basics of food safety. 


“Hand washing, when done correctly is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of communicable diseases” (Ministry of Health and Long Term Care, 2018).

Ensuring your hands are washed thoroughly before and after preparing food, is one of the most important actions you can take to minimize food contamination and prevent foodborne illness. Always wash your hands before you start handling food or cleaning dishes/utensils.

Cooking Temperatures

Ensuring food is cooked to a safe internal temperature is an important part of food safety. The chart below shows the appropriate temperatures for various food products. The Ministry of Health provides additional information to help ensure the food you prepare is safe.

 Product Minimal Internal Cooked Temperature  
(Celsius / Fahrenheit)
All ground meat (other than poultry)71 °C / 160 °F
Ground poultry74 °C / 165 °F
Poultry pieces 74 °C / 160 °F
Whole poultry (with or without stuffing)82 °C / 180 °F
Pork or pork products 71 °C / 160 °F
Fish 70 °C / 158 °F
Food mixtures containing egg, meat, poultry, fish, or other hazardous food 74 °C / 165 °F

Use a thermometer to check internal food temperatures.

Danger Zone

Never let food sit in the temperature danger zone (4 °C to 6 °C ), or the food may become unsafe to eat, even if it has already been cooked! Keep hot foods hot and cold foods cold. Thaw food in the fridge, not on the counter. Cool food quickly by dividing leftovers into smaller portions and refrigerate them as soon as possible. Reheat food quickly on the stovetop or in the microwave. If leftovers were forgotten or stayed out too long, cooking them again will not necessarily make them safe to eat.


Food must be reheated to the original cooking temperature within two (2) hours, except for whole poultry which can be reheated to 74°C (165°F) within two (2) hours.

How Long to Keep Food?

If you’re wondering how long food stored in the fridge is safe to eat, the Food Storage Guide offers recommendations to help your family avoid getting ill from eating spoiled food.

Feeling Sick?

If you or a family member become ill after eating foods that might have been contaminated, it is important to get help. If you have signs or symptoms of a foodborne illness, you should contact your doctor or primary care provider.

If you suspect that you may have become ill after eating at a restaurant or other food premises, you can report this concern. Call us at 613-966-5500 or 1-800-267-2803, ext. 349. 

Safe use of Infant Formula

Young children, especially infants, are more vulnerable to foodborne illness. Breastfeeding is recommended, as breast milk is the best source of nutrients for your baby and can help boost your baby’s immune system. If you have made an informed decision to use breast milk substitute, proper sterilization of equipment, preparation, and storage are important to prevent illness in your infant. Health Canada provides helpful information about storing and safe handling of alternative milks.

Reference: Ministry of Health and Long-term Care. Get the safe food facts. 2008 [cited 2016 Mar 15].

Other Resources:

Need More Information About Food Safety at Home?

Call 613-966-5500 or 1-800-267-2803:

  • For any further food safety questions, ext. 677.
  • For additional information about feeding your baby, ext. 223.
  • To report an illness after eating at a restaurant or other food premises, ext. 349.

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HPEPH is currently offering vaccine to eligible groups. In order to keep our phone lines free for those who are currently eligible, please do NOT contact us to inquire about vaccinations unless you have been invited to participate.

Groups Currently Eligible to Book at

  • Individuals turning 50 and over in 2021
  • Health care or personal support workers
  • Childcare workers (licensed & unlicensed)
  • Education workers (including special education)
  • Residents and staff in care homes and group living settings (including essential caregivers)
  • People with highest-risk health conditions and their caregivers (for example, pregnancy, organ transplant, multiple sclerosis)
  • People with high risk health conditions and their caregivers (for example, BMI of over 40, chemotherapy, Down syndrome)
  • People with at-risk health conditions (for example, autoimmune disorders, heart disease, diabetes)
  • Chronic home health care recipients
  • First Nations, Inuit and Métis individuals, including members of their household
  • People who cannot work from home (Group One and Group Two)

Groups Eligible to Book at Pharmacies:

Groups Eligible to Pre-Register

For booking information for eligible individuals, please visit


A province-wide Stay-at-Home order is in effect, and requires everyone to remain at home except for essential purposes, such as going to the grocery store or pharmacy, accessing health care services (including getting vaccinated), for outdoor exercise, or for work that cannot be done remotely. Please avoid close contact with anyone outside your household. For more information, visit our COVID-19 page.


If you are concerned about potential exposure to a positive case of COVID-19, please be reassured that any contacts of a confirmed case will be contacted directly and monitored by public health.

Low-risk and indirect contacts should self monitor for symptoms for 14 days from the time of potential exposure and seek testing if symptoms develop. Low risk contacts do not need to isolate unless symptoms develop, and can continue to attend school/work/daycare while monitoring for symptoms.