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Hastings and Prince Edward Public Health
Mother and son putting coin into piggy bank

Income and Income Distribution and Employment, Job Security and Working Conditions

Income and Income Distribution

A low income has significant implications for a person’s health. An adequate income affords people the opportunity to purchase the necessities of life, such as nutritious food, rent and more. Income also provides people and families the opportunity to participate in leisure activities that enhance quality of life. This might be a family trip to the movies or fees for registering children in a local recreational soccer team.

Income is closely related to many of the social determinant of health. The gap between those making the most money and those making the least has increased since the mid 1990s (1). People with lower income are more likely to be in need of housing, experience household food insecurity, and have children vulnerable in areas of early childhood development (2). Without an adequate income, it can be difficult to access nutritious food or obtain an education, which affords opportunities for good health. The chronic stress of low income can also have negative impacts on health.

  • In Hasting and Prince Edward Counties, 15.9% of people of all ages are living with a low income, according to the after-tax low-income measure, compared to 14.4% in Ontario. (3)
  • 24.9% of households in Hastings and Prince Edward Counties are spending more than 30% of their household income on housing costs, while the provincial average is 27.7%. (4)
    • Learn more about how communities compare in housing costs on the Public Health Ontario Snapshots page.

Public Health’s Role

Other Community Resources

Employment, Job Security and Working Conditions

Stay tuned as we develop more information on this social determinant of health.


  1. Canadian Institute for Health Information. Trends in Income-Related Health Inequalities in Canada [Internet]. Ottaw, Ontario; 2015. Available from:
  2. Turner A. A Way Home: Youth Homelessness Planning Toolkit [Internet]. 2016. Available from:
  3. Pubic Health Ontario. Percent of the population living in low income (LIM-AT)- all ages [Internet]. Social Determinats of Health Snapshot. 2020 [cited 2020 Jan 16]. Available from:
  4. Public Health Ontario. Per cent (%) of households spending more than 30% of their income on shelter costs >> Both sexes>> 2016 [Internet]. PHO Snapshots. 2019 [cited 2020 Mar 4]. Available from:

Need More Information About Income and Income Distribution and Employment, Job Security and Working Conditions?

Please contact the Social Determinants of Health Nurse by calling 613-966-5500 or 1-800-267-2803.

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Province of Ontario has Declared a Second Provincial Emergency to Address COVID-19 Crisis and Save Lives.  Read more.

Effective Thursday, January 14, 2021 at 12:01 a.m., the provincial government is issuing a stay-at-home order requiring everyone to remain at home with exceptions for essential purposes, such as going to the grocery store or pharmacy, accessing health care services, for exercise or for essential work.

Owner/operators of a businesses, workplaces and/or other community organizations who are unsure of how to adjust operations for COVID-19 are encouraged to visit sector specific guidance regarding provincial lockdown measures at or call the Stop the Spread Business Information Line at 1-888-444-3659. If you are unable to find an answer to your questions or need further guidance, please fill out this web form.

During the provincewide shutdown, no indoor social gatherings are permitted, except with members of the same household (the people you live with). Individuals who live alone and single parents may consider having exclusive, close contact with another household. Outdoor gatherings must be limited to 5 individuals, and proper physical distancing must be maintained.

If you are concerned about potential exposure to a positive case of COVID-19, please be reassured that any contacts of a confirmed case will be contacted directly and monitored by public health.

Low-risk and indirect contacts should self monitor for symptoms for 14 days from the time of potential exposure and seek testing if symptoms develop. Low risk contacts do not need to isolate unless symptoms develop, and can continue to attend school/work/daycare while monitoring for symptoms.